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Brand name:                          Camphor                                                   Latin name: Cinnamomum camphora                          Other name: Cemphire                                                   A Remedy For                                                             Blood pressure problems                               Bronchitis                               Cough                               Irregular heartbeat                               Rheumatism                               Weak heart                                                 In Asia, Camphor is also used for asthma, indigestion, inflammations, and                                                   muscle pain.                                                   What It Is; Why It Works                          Camphor is an active ingredient in such familiar over-the-counter remedies                         as Vicks VapoRub and Mentholatum ointment. Rubbed on the skin,                         Camphor stimulates circulation. Its inhaled vapors reduce bronchial                         secretions. When taken internally, it combats bronchial spasms, improves                         breathing, and promotes circulation.                                                 In years past, cakes of Camphor were used as a moth-repellent. It was                                                 once popular as a remedy for stomach and bowel complaints, but fell out                                                   of favor due to the danger of overdose, which can easily prove fatal. It was                       once believed to prevent infectious disease, a fallacy that probably sprang                         from its strong odor.                                                 Camphor is an import from Japan and Taiwan, where it's distilled from the                                                 wood of the camphor tree, a large evergreen.                                                   Avoid If...                          There are no medical conditions that preclude the use of Camphor by                         adults, but Camphor salves should not be used on infants.                                                   Special Cautions                          External application of Camphor can cause skin irritation and even lead to                         poisoning through inhalation. Eczema (a skin inflammation) occasionally                         appears after application of oily salves containing camphor.                                                   Possible Drug Interactions                          No interactions have been reported.                                                 Special Information If You Are Pregnant or Breastfeeding                                                   No harmful effects are known.                                                   How To Prepare                          Camphor is used primarily in salves. However, solid and liquid preparations                         can be used for inhalation or taken internally.                                                   Typical Dosage                          For external use, concentrations of Camphor in salves should not exceed                         25% for adults and 5% for children. When taken internally, the usual daily                         dosage is 30 to 300 milligrams.                                                   Overdosage                          As little as 1 gram can be lethal for a child. In adults, a dose of 20 grams                       can prove fatal. Symptoms of overdose, particularly in children, include                       intoxication, delirium, spasms, and breathing disturbances. If you suspect                         an overdose, seek medical attention immediately.